Today 134 years ago, the Statue of Liberty was inaugurated and formally dedicated, it was on October 28, 1886.
The Statue of Liberty (officially named Liberty Enlightening the World and sometimes referred to as Lady Liberty) is a monument that symbolizes the United States.
The statue is placed on Ellis Island, near the New York City harbor. The statue commemorates the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence. It was delivered to the United States by the people of France in 1886, to represent the friendship between the two countries established during the American Revolution.
It represents a woman dressed in a stole, crown and sandals, trampling a broken chain, and with a torch in her right hand raised and tabula ansata, or tablet where the date of the Declaration of Independence IV of JULY MDCCLXXVI (1776) is found. it is written, on his left hand.
The statue is located on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, and welcomes visitors, immigrants and Americans returning by boat.
I’m going to share with you 40 interesting facts that maybe you didn’t know about Lady Liberty.
I. Interesting facts
- Today 134 years ago, the Statue of Liberty was inaugurated and formally dedicated, it was on October 28, 1886.
- The statue’s full name is Liberty Enlightening the World.
- The robed female figure represents Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom.
- She holds a torch and tablet upon which is inscribed the date of American Declaration of Independence (July 4, 1776).
- Approximately 4.5m people visited the statue in 2016. By way of comparison, around 7m people visit The Eiffel Tower each year, and 3.75m visit The London Eye.
- The seven spikes on the crown represent the seven oceans and the seven continents of the world, indicating the universal concept of liberty.
- Edouard de Laboulaye provided the idea for the statue, while Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi designed it.
- Laboulaye proposed that a great monument should be given as a gift from France to the United States as a celebration of both the union’s victory in the American Revolution, and the abolition of slavery.
- Laboulaye also hoped the gift of the statue would inspire French people to fight for their own democracy in the face of a repressive monarchy under Napolean III.
- Gustave Eiffel, the man who designed the Eiffel Tower was also behind the design for Liberty’s ‘spine’; four iron columns supporting a metal framework that holds the copper skin.
- Despite the positive meaning of the statue — American independence and the abolition of slavery — African Americans saw the statue as an ironic image of America; professing to be a country of freedom and justice for everyone regardless of race, despite racism and discrimination continuing to exist.
- The Statue of Liberty became the symbol of immigration during the second half of the 19th century, as over 9m immigrants came to the United States, with the statue often being the first thing they saw when arriving by boat.
- The statue’s most famous cinematic appearance was in the 1968 film Planet of the Apes, where it is seen half buried in sand.
- It is also destroyed in the films Independence Day and The Day After Tomorrow.
- Groups in Boston and Philadelphia offered to pay the full cost of the construction of the statue, in return for its relocation.
- There are various replicas of the statue, including a smaller version in Paris, and one on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada.
- Miss America, the comic book character, was granted her powers by the statue.
- Private boats are not allowed to dock at Liberty and Ellis islands. Therefore, the only way on is via the ferry system.
- Liberty Island is federal property within the territory of the State of New York, even though it is closer to New Jersey.
- Two images of the statue appear on a $10 bill.
- The cost of building the statue and pedestal amounted to over $500,000, over $10m in today’s money.
- Lady Liberty is thought to have been hit by around 600 bolts of lightning every year since she was built. A photographer captured this for the first time in 2010.
II. Highlighted historical dates
- The head of the statue was displayed at the World’s Fair in Paris in 1878.
- In 1885, a New York newspaper entitled “World” announced that $102,000 had been raised from donors, and that 80 per cent of this total had been received in sums of less than one dollar. The cost of the statue was funded by contributions from both the French and the Americans.
- It was a gift from France, given to America in 1886.
- When the statue was first erected in 1886 it was the tallest iron structure ever built.
- American poet Emma Lazarus wrote about the Statue of Liberty in a sonnet called “The New Colossus” (1883). In 1903 the poem was engraved on a bronze plaque and placed inside the lower level of the pedestal on the statue.
- The statue functioned as a lighthouse for 16 years (1886–1902), lighting a distance of up to 24 miles away.
- The statue sustained minor damage in 1916 when German saboteurs set off an explosion during World War One. The torch-bearing arm suffered the most damage, with repair works costing $100,000. The stairs in the torch were then closed to the public for safety reasons, and have remained closed ever since.
- In 1944 the lights in the crown flashed “dot-dot-dot-dash” which in the Morse code means V, for Victory in Europe.
- The island in which it stands was previously called Bedloe Island, but its name was changed in 1956 to Liberty Island.
- Andy Warhol painted “Statue of Liberty” as part of his Pop Art series in the 1960s. It is estimated to be worth in excess of $35m.
- In 1982, it was discovered that the head had been installed two feet off center.
- In 1984 the statue was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- After the terrorist attacks of September 11, the statue was closed for security reasons, with the pedestal reopening in 2004, and the statue in 2009, but only a limited number of visitors are able to go up to the crown.
- The statue was again closed in 2012 due to the effects of Hurricane Sandy.
III. Curious facts about its architecture
- From the ground to the top of the torch the statue measures 93 meters, and weighs 204 metric tons.
- Lady Liberty wears a size 879 shoe.
- She has a 35-foot waistline
- Visitors have to climb 354 stairs to reach the statue’s crown.
- There are 25 windows in the crown.
- The statue has an iron infrastructure and copper exterior which has turned green due to oxidation. Although it’s a sign of damage, the patina (green coating) also acts as a form of protection from further deterioration.
- 300 different types of hammers were used to create the copper structure.
- The statue’s face was said to be modelled on the sculptor’s mother, Charlotte.
- The statue’s original torch was replaced in 1984 by a new copper torch covered in 24k gold leaf.
- Although you cannot see Lady Liberty’s feet clearly, she is in fact standing among a broken shackle and chains, with her right foot raised, depicting her moving forward away from oppression and slavery.
- In high winds, of 50mph or more, Lady Liberty can sway by up to 3 inches, while her torch can move 5 inches.
- The statue’s 300 copper pieces were transported to America in 214 crates on the French ship Isere, which almost sank in stormy seas.
In tribute to the 134 years, since the Statue of Liberty was inaugurated and formally dedicated. 🗽(October 28, 1886)
“The most powerful visual in America today is actually the Statue of Liberty.”